Sing Buri is one of important cities in the history of Thailand, with many historical and religious attractions. The province is comprised of six Amphoes, which are Mueang Sing Buri, Bang Rachan, Khai Bang Rachan, Prom Buri, Tha Chang, and In Buri.

Amid the historic war between Ayutthaya and Burma in 1767 during the reign of King Ekkathat , villagers of Bang Rachan in Sing Buri bravely fought against the Burmese army and managed to delay them for five months without help from the capital city. The villagers were eventually defeated and the Ayutthaya Kingdom fell shortly thereafter. Nowadays, many roads in Sing Buri were named after these local heroes to honor them such as Nai Taen Road, Nai In Road, Nai Mueang  Road, and Khun San Road.